Know the Difference between HIV and AIDS

 Difference HIV and AIDS
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HIV and AIDS are still considered as one of the same diseases. It is not surprisingly, due to a variety of literature, the mention of combination is often put together, for example "HIV and AIDS" or "HIV/AIDS". HIV and AIDS are two different conditions. So that you are no longer mistaken, HIV is different between HIV and AIDS which have to be understood for certain.

The Main Differences between HIV and AIDS

The summarizing of the UNAIDS repots the approximately 36.9 million people with HIV/AIDS or PLWHA in the world. There are only about 75% people who understand about their different condition. The UNAIDS repots and note that there are around 940.000 people in the worldwide die from illness that emerged as a complication of AIDS. So, what is the certain difference between HIV and AIDS?

HIV is the causative virus and AIDS is the final stage of the disease


The differences between HIV and AIDS can be seen from the explanation of the resolution.
HIV is a type of virus that attacks the immune system, with the extension of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In the body, there is a special CD4 cells (T cells). CD4 cells are part of the immune system that specifically fights infections.

HIV infection causes your CD4 cell count to drop  very dramatically that your immune system is not strong enough to fight infection. Your amount of HIV viral load (the amount of HIV in your blood) is high. It means that the immune system has failed to work properly against HIV.

Meanwhile, AIDS stands to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and it is considered the end of HIV infection. AIDS is a collection of symptoms that arises because the infection is in a very severe stage. People with HIV can be approved as determined. The CD4 cell count needed is less than 200 cells per i ml or 1 cc of blood.

Thus, it can be explained as the main differences between AIDS which is being a chronic disease as a form of HIV infection that licenses the immune system.

People with HIV and AIDS have an immune system that is very susceptible to opportunistic infection that occurs together with HIV infections, such as tuberculosis and pneumonia.

Having HIV will not necessarily get AIDS


The differences between HIV and AIDS can be seen when someone is released. Remember, HIV is a virus that causes infection, whereas AIDS is the final cause that can be caused by a long-term infection.

So the theory tells that you can use HIV and AIDS as the same time. However, they are not all people with HIV that will automatically have AIDS in the future. You could have HIV and nether is AIDS. Thanks to advances in medical care, people living with HIV can live long, high-quality healthy lives just like any other normal person.

Worse than human diseases caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus can increase more than 10 years before AIDS. However, you have to positive that AIDS diagnosis will have HIV infection.

Therefore, getting the right treatment is an important key for people with HIV and it does not need AIDS.

Between HIV and AIDS are different


The significant differences between HIV and AIDS are each of them. They include the differences in appearance that arise, the severity of the differences feel between people with HIV and the other one with AIDS, and the effects of the disease on your body.


HIV infection usually takes 10 years since it was published. It is why someone who has HIV may not succeed in proving that he has obtained the result of his years.

HIV Symptoms
The initially, HIV usually produces the similar symptoms to the common cold within two to four weeks after infection. The summary might have been felt in the past few weeks

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Rashes on skin that is not itchy
  • Lymph swelling
  • Muscle ache
  • Night sweats
  • There are sores around the mouth like canker sores

The effect of early HIV can subside because your immune system is still able to control it. This period is referred to as acute infection.

Over time, the number of HIV viruses will continue to increase if it is not successful and it can reach the latent period. This latent period can continue for years without causing symptoms.

AIDS Symptoms
When the Human Immunodeficiency Virus has been going on for a long time and it has developed into AIDS, the sufferers usually experience some more severe symptoms. The symptoms of AIDS can vary from one person to another one and they can be quite identified.

AIDS has far more severe symptoms compared to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It happens because the people with AIDS usually have a dramatic decrease in their CD4 or T cell counts.

Without enough CD4 cells, your body will have difficult in fighting the disease. As a result, you will be more easily ill with infections even for infections that they do not make you become sick.

AIDS usually attacks when someone has been infected with HIV for 10 years and they are without getting treatment. The various symptoms that usually appear when you have AIDS are namely:
  • Sprue is the presence of a thick white coating on the tongue or mouth due to fungal
  • Infections
  • Sore throat
  • Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Be vulnerable to any type of infection
  • Fell very tired and dizzy
  • Have the frequent headache
  • Be weight loss dramatically in a fast time without apparent reason
  • Be easier to experience bruising
  • Have the frequent diarrhea, fever and night sweats
  • Swollen lymph nodes inn the throat, armpits or groin
  • Often experience a long dry cough
  • Be hard to breathe
  • Be the skin rashes
  • Numbness in the hands or feet
  • Be loss of muscle control and reflexes
  • Be paralysis
The different ways of diagnosing HIV and AIDS
It is the part from identification of symptoms, the differences between HIV and AIDS are also determined based on the manner and result of the medical diagnosis carried out.

How to diagnose HIV

When you are infected by HIV, your immune system produces the special antibodies that can fight the virus. To check, your doctor can be recommended  a blood or saliva test to detect HIV antibodies and whether you have been infected or not.

However, the test is only effective for a few weeks after getting the infection. This test can detect HIV only a few days after getting infection. The both of these test is equally accurate and easy to run.

How to diagnose AIDS
Meanwhile, the ways to diagnose AIDS are different. Several factors can determine when latent HIV infection in your body has turned into AIDS.

For example, how many CD4 cells are left in your body. The healthy people who are not infected HIV can have about 500 to 1.200 CD4 cells per 1 cc or 1 ml of blood.

The differences in life expectancy of people with HIV and AIDS


The differences between HIV and AIDS can also be seen from people life expectancy. Both of these disease can cut the age of the sufferers if they continue to be left without treatment.

People with HIV disease are usually alone , they can live generally longer according to their respective health conditions. They only apply if HIV sufferers routinely consume antiretrovinal drugs every day to deactivate the virus, right?

Whereas, people who are with HIV already have AIDS, they usually can survive around 3 years. Once, you have a dangerous opportunistic infection, life expectancy without treatment will go down to around a year.

The differences between HIV and AIDS from life expectancy occur because they will be very difficult to repair the damage of the immune system.

But, we say thank you to advances in modern medical technology, the life expectancy of an AIDS sufferer today is much better than before. In these differences between HIV and AIDS are many people with HIV who do not even have AIDS all their lives.

The quote from a reporter are reported by Indonesian Ministry of Health that the trend of death rates from AIDS in Indonesia has also been reported to be continuing to decline. These numbers have decreased from 13.21% in 2004 to 1.08% in December 2017. It shows that the efforts to treat HIV/AIDS so far have been successful in controlling the progression of the disease.

HIV and AIDS are both incurable


Many differences in HIV and AIDS have been mentioned. HIV and AIDS also have in common. The equation of the two is equally incurable.

However, it does not mean that people with HIV and AIDS do not have the right healthy and happy life, right?
They also have an interesting life, they are also a human who can feel the happiness and sadness.

Although it cannot be cured, some drugs are usually given to help overcoming the symptoms and improve the people quality of life who are with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA).

HIV can be treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART helps reducing the amount of virus present in your blood and body fluids.

The drug is usually recommended for everyone with HIV, regardless of how long they have the virus in their body. Besides, ART also reduces your risk of transmitting the disease to others if it is taken as prescribed.

ART is usually given by using a combination of 3 or more HIV drugs to help reducing the amount of HIV in your body. Each people will usually be given a regimen or combination of different drugs according to the condition of their body. If the prescribed drug does not have a significant effect, the doctor will re-adjust it.

Based on the information from U.S., the Department of Health and Human Services reported that people are diagnosed with HIV when they are positive at that moment. They start having treatment with ART.

The starting treatment as early as possible helps slowing the progression of HIV. By that way, you can stay healthy without fearing that the condition will get worse especially if you get AIDS.

Delaying treatment is like letting the virus damage your immune system and increase your risk of AIDS. For that, you have to do various treatments that are recommended by your doctor.

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